# ton

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## ton:

see English units of measurement**English units of measurement,**

principal system of weights and measures used in a few nations, the only major industrial one being the United States. It actually consists of two related systems—the U.S.

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

The following article is from

*The Great Soviet Encyclopedia*(1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.## Ton

(also *Weise*), in the art of the Meistersingers, a melody, especially a model melody, sung to various texts, for example, H. Sach’s *Die Silberweise*.

IU. N. KHOLOPOV

## Ton

the name of various units of weight. The metric ton is equal to 1,000 kg; its international designation is t. In the USA, the long ton and short ton are used. The ton used in Great Britain is equal to the long ton. Equivalences are as follows: 1 long ton = 20 long hundredweight = 2,240 pounds avoirdupois = 1,016.047 kg; 1 short ton = 20 short hundredweight = 2,000 pounds avoirdupois = 907.185 kg; 1 metric ton = 61.04821 Russian *poods*.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

## ton

[tən] (industrial engineering)

A unit of volume of sea freight, equal to 40 cubic feet or approximately 1.1327 cubic meters. Also known as freight ton; measurement ton; shipping ton.

(mechanics)

A unit of weight in common use in the United States, equal to 2000 pounds or 907.18474 kilogram-force. Also known as just ton; net ton; short ton.

A unit of mass in common use in the United Kingdom equal to 2240 pounds, or to 1016.0469088 kilogram-force. Also known as gross ton; long ton.

A unit of weight in troy measure, equal to 2000 troy pounds, or to 746.4834432 kilogram-force.

(mechanical engineering)

A unit of refrigerating capacity, that is, of rate of heat flow, equal to the rate of extraction of latent heat when one short ton of ice of specific latent heat 144 international table British thermal units per pound is produced from water at the same temperature in 24 hours; equal to 200 British thermal units per minute, or to approximately 3516.85 watts. Also known as standard ton.

(naval architecture)

A unit of internal capacity of ships, equal to 100 cubic feet or approximately 2.8317 cubic meters. Also known as register ton.

(nucleonics)

The energy released by one metric ton of chemical high explosives calculated at the rate of 1000 calories per gram; equal to 4.18 × 10

^{9}joules; used principally in expressing the energy released by a nuclear bomb.McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## ton

**1.**The equivalent of 2,000 lb (907.2 kg).Also see

**metric ton**.

**2.**A unit of refrigeration capacity equal to 200 Btu per minute, the equivalent cooling provided by the melting of one ton of ice in one hour.

McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## ton

**1.**

*Brit*a unit of weight equal to 2240 pounds or 1016.046909 kilograms

**2.**

*US*a unit of weight equal to 2000 pounds or 907.184 kilograms

**3.**a unit of weight equal to 1000 kilograms

**4.**a unit of volume or weight used for charging or measuring freight in shipping. It depends on the type of material being shipped but is often taken as 40 cubic feet, 1 cubic metre, or 1000 kilograms

**5.**a unit of volume used in shipping freight, equal to 40 cubic feet, irrespective of the commodity shipped

**6.**a unit used for measuring the displacement of a ship, equal to 35 cubic feet of sea water or 2240 pounds

**7.**a unit of internal capacity of ships equal to 100 cubic feet

Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005